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How Health Affects Male Fertility

How Health Affects Male Fertility

 

Male fertility can be affected by your lifestyle.  If you have a healthy lifestyle, you are more likely to have healthy sperm.  Smoking, sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol, and your weight can also affect male fertility. To improve your chances of conceiving a child, make lifestyle changes and commit to living a healthy lifestyle.

 

Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can be a cause for infertility.  To limit your exposure to these diseases, it is important for you to limit your sexual partners, practice safe sex, and commit to a monogamous relationship. Regular use of marijuana, tobacco, and illegal drugs can reduce the quality of your sperm and lead to abnormalities.  Stay clear of illegitimate drugs. Such as tobacco, medical marijuana can certainly reduce sperm movement along with result in sperm for being misshapen. Cocaine along with heroin furthermore obstruct healthy sperm.  Heavy alcohol consumption adversely affects male fertility.  Alcohol in moderation is fine but regularly consuming large quantities can significantly limit the quality and the quantity of your sperm.

 

Studies have found that lubricants such as KY Jelly and Astroglide can inhibit sperm movement and kill sperm.  If you are trying to conceive, it is best to stay from popular lubricants as well as using saliva as a lubricant.  If you must use a lubricant, try to use  Pre-Seed Intimate Moisturizer which is “sperm friendly.”  This product was developed for couples who are trying to conceive but may be experiencing vaginal dryness and not harm the sperm.

 

Adopting a healthy diet is another factor important to male fertility.  Studies have shown that being overweight influences the quality of your sperm and decreases sperm count.  To maximize male fertility and sperm health, consume a balanced and healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and one that is rich in antioxidants.  When it comes to fertility, a healthy diet is just as important for men as it is for women.

 

When trying to conceive, men should avoid hot tubs, hot baths, and saunas.  Spending a significant amount of time in hot tubs, saunas, and hot baths with temperatures over 100 degrees can affect the number of normal sperm, interfere with sperm production, and increase the amount of abnormal sperm.  You should also avoid wearing tight clothing and use a mini-laptop desk instead of your lap when using your laptop computer.

 

Lastly, male fertility can be hampered by prescription medications.  Anabolic steroids can suppress testosterone, limit male fertility, and also cause harm to the male reproductive system which can lead to irreparable damage.  If you are taking prescription medication, it is advised that you speak with your physician and discuss if your medication may cause fertility issues. Prescription medications including antidepressants, antihypertensives, and antibiotics can inhibit sperm production.   If male fertility may be compromised due to prescription medication, discuss alternatives and let your doctor know that it is important for you to protect your fertility.  Also, prescription medication can affect your libido and cause you to lose interest in sexual relations with your partner.  Men who are undergoing chemotherapy and radiation should consider freezing their sperm because cancer treatment can cause damage to sperm cells.  If you have not yet started chemotherapy and radiation, your sperm can be frozen and preserved for future use.

 

 

 

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Men’s Health – Male Infertility

Male Infertility

What Is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is the failure of a male to impregnate a fertile female and the male partner is the cause of infertility in couples 40% of the time.  A number of factors contribute to male infertility and these range from physical problems to psychological problems.  In any case, there are treatment options available to address male infertility and successfully treat males that will help couples achieve pregnancy.

 

Causes Of Male Infertility

Testicular damage, low sperm production and poor sperm quality are the main causes of male infertility.  Other causes of male infertility include smoking, which can significantly decrease sperm count and sperm cell mobility, recreational drug uses, alcohol abuse, steroid use, tight underwear, and stress.  Several medical conditions and other factors contribute to male infertility and each individual case is different.  There can be one cause, several causes, or there may be no particular cause.


Diagnosing Male Infertility

Male infertility is usually diagnosed by examining a patient’s medical history and then having a medical exam performed.  During the exam, a semen analysis is performed.  The patient provides a semen example, and the lab will evaluate sperm shape, movement, and measure the amount of semen and the number of sperm.  The lab will also check for infections and other problems that may be causing infertility.  To ensure accuracy, a minimum of two semen analyses are performed.  In some cases, if the problem is not found in a semen analysis, additional tests can be performed.  These include scrotal ultrasound, transrectal ultrasound, hormone testing, and genetic testing to name a few.  However, when infertility is an issue, it is recommended that the female partner be examined and tested.

 

Treatment Options

Once diagnosed, there are several treatments for male infertility that a patient can undergo.  These treatments include the following:

  • Surgeries ~ There are different types of surgical procedures that may restore sperm flow such as removing a varicocele, repairing a duct obstruction and performing a vasectomy reversal.
  • Treatment of Infections ~ Patients can be prescribed antibiotics to treat male infertility problems.  If treated early, permanent damage can be avoided.  If there is scarring or blockage caused by infection, surgery may be required.
  • Hormone Treatments and Medications ~ In some cases, medication may be prescribed for hormonal imbalances that may be contributing to male infertility.  Hormone replacement is recommended when there is an indication that infertility is being caused by high or low levels of particular hormones or the way the body is using the hormones.
  • Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART) is also a treatment option when the cause of male infertility is unknown or not treatable.  Sperm is gathered through ejaculation, surgery or donors and then inserted directly into the female partner or through in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

As with any medical treatment, before deciding how to treat your male infertility you should discuss your option with your doctor and an infertility expert.  They will be able to let you know the pros and cons of treatments, the risks involved and the side effects you may experience.

 

 

 

 

 

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What is Sperm Aspiration?

Sperm Aspiration is a method in which sperm is extracted from the testicles or the epididymis using a very fine needle or through microsurgery and are used in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The viable sperm is then injected into a woman’s egg. This infertility treatment is more cost effective and simpler than in-vitro fertilization.

Sperm Extraction Techniques

Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) is a procedure performed for men who have had a vasectomy and who are having sperm retrieved for in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). A needle is inserted in the testicle and tissue/sperm are aspirated. This procedure is coordinated with their female partner’s egg retrieval and is done in an operating room or office with local anesthesia. An open testis biopsy is needed when TESA does not provide enough tissue/sperm.

Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) PESA is a simple and quick procedure to obtain sperm for Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) in men who have an obstruction of the vas deferens, either due to vasectomy, infection, or other obstruction. Sufficient sperm for ICSI is obtained in 80% of attempts. The procedure is usually performed using a mild sedative and local anesthetic. A very fine needle is inserted into the epididymis where sperm are aspirated for use in an IVF procedure.

Microepididymal Sperm Aspiration (MESA) is a procedure performed for men who have vasal or epididymal obstruction resulting from a vasectomy or absence of the vas defrens. The procedure can be scheduled or done in conjunction with their female partner’s egg retrieval. It is performed in an operating under general anesthesia using an operating microscope. MESA allows for an extensive collection of sperm compared to other aspiration techniques and the sperm can be cryopreserved for future IVF/ICSI.

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