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How Health Affects Male Fertility

How Health Affects Male Fertility

 

Male fertility can be affected by your lifestyle.  If you have a healthy lifestyle, you are more likely to have healthy sperm.  Smoking, sexually transmitted diseases, alcohol, and your weight can also affect male fertility. To improve your chances of conceiving a child, make lifestyle changes and commit to living a healthy lifestyle.

 

Sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can be a cause for infertility.  To limit your exposure to these diseases, it is important for you to limit your sexual partners, practice safe sex, and commit to a monogamous relationship. Regular use of marijuana, tobacco, and illegal drugs can reduce the quality of your sperm and lead to abnormalities.  Stay clear of illegitimate drugs. Such as tobacco, medical marijuana can certainly reduce sperm movement along with result in sperm for being misshapen. Cocaine along with heroin furthermore obstruct healthy sperm.  Heavy alcohol consumption adversely affects male fertility.  Alcohol in moderation is fine but regularly consuming large quantities can significantly limit the quality and the quantity of your sperm.

 

Studies have found that lubricants such as KY Jelly and Astroglide can inhibit sperm movement and kill sperm.  If you are trying to conceive, it is best to stay from popular lubricants as well as using saliva as a lubricant.  If you must use a lubricant, try to use  Pre-Seed Intimate Moisturizer which is “sperm friendly.”  This product was developed for couples who are trying to conceive but may be experiencing vaginal dryness and not harm the sperm.

 

Adopting a healthy diet is another factor important to male fertility.  Studies have shown that being overweight influences the quality of your sperm and decreases sperm count.  To maximize male fertility and sperm health, consume a balanced and healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and one that is rich in antioxidants.  When it comes to fertility, a healthy diet is just as important for men as it is for women.

 

When trying to conceive, men should avoid hot tubs, hot baths, and saunas.  Spending a significant amount of time in hot tubs, saunas, and hot baths with temperatures over 100 degrees can affect the number of normal sperm, interfere with sperm production, and increase the amount of abnormal sperm.  You should also avoid wearing tight clothing and use a mini-laptop desk instead of your lap when using your laptop computer.

 

Lastly, male fertility can be hampered by prescription medications.  Anabolic steroids can suppress testosterone, limit male fertility, and also cause harm to the male reproductive system which can lead to irreparable damage.  If you are taking prescription medication, it is advised that you speak with your physician and discuss if your medication may cause fertility issues. Prescription medications including antidepressants, antihypertensives, and antibiotics can inhibit sperm production.   If male fertility may be compromised due to prescription medication, discuss alternatives and let your doctor know that it is important for you to protect your fertility.  Also, prescription medication can affect your libido and cause you to lose interest in sexual relations with your partner.  Men who are undergoing chemotherapy and radiation should consider freezing their sperm because cancer treatment can cause damage to sperm cells.  If you have not yet started chemotherapy and radiation, your sperm can be frozen and preserved for future use.

 

 

 

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What Is Andrology? Male Reproductive

Andrology is the study of male diseases and male health, particularly relating to male reproductive problems and urological problems that are unique to men. Andrology addresses issues of infertility in males, erectile dysfunction, impotence, andropause, also know as male menopause, and male contraception. Although not as well known, Andrology is the male version of gynecology, which deals with medical issues of the female reproductive system.

An Andrologist, is a medical doctor who specializes in male reproductive issues and male sexual dysfunction. When treating patients with infertility issues, an Andrologist will devise a treatment plan that is best suited for the patient. Drugs, such as steroids or antibiotics, may be the preferred treatment plan to improve the quality of a patient’s semen. When blockages, that are affecting sperm production is the primary issue causing male infertility, surgery is the preferred method of treatment.

Many factors can have an influence on male infertility with most cases of infertility due to testicular damage and the inability to produce sperm. Additional issues include a low sperm count as well as the quality of the sperm produced, which is commonly referred to as sperm motility. When diagnosing male fertility, nearly 70% of the conditions causing the male patient to be infertile can be diagnosed by examining their medical history, through physical examination, testicular volume estimation, and hormonal and semen analysis.

People often mistakenly associate impotence, known as Erectile Dysfunction, with male infertility; these two conditions are not related. Impotence is the inability to get and maintain an erection, which prevents a male from having satisfactory sexual intercourse. The condition is quite common and it affects a large majority of men who are over the age of 40. Although unable to have an erection, a man who is impotent is still fertile and it is still possible for him to impregnate his female partner through insemination. Male infertility allows a man to have an erection and satisfactory sexual intercourse however, he cannot impregnate his female partner and produce children.
Andrologists treat male patients who are suffering from impotence. They can prescribe patient drugs such as Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis that can help the patient solve his erectile dysfunction issues. Another option is Hormone Replacement Therapy that will increase the testosterone in a male who has low testosterone levels. This may increase their sexual desire and their sexual libido. Andrologists also treat male menopause with testosterone replacement therapy. This treatment raises testosterone levels and restores hormone balance within the body of the male patients much as it does when used in patients who are afflicted with impotency.
Andrology is also used to assist men in family planning. Vasectomies are a form of male contraception that many men utilize when they do not want to have children and is the most effective form of male contraception. A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that blocks the path sperm take from the testicles to the penis. This is intended to be a permanent form of birth control. It can be reversed with a procedure called a vasovasostomy however, it is not always successful in restoring sperm flow.

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Men’s Health – Male Infertility

Male Infertility

What Is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is the failure of a male to impregnate a fertile female and the male partner is the cause of infertility in couples 40% of the time.  A number of factors contribute to male infertility and these range from physical problems to psychological problems.  In any case, there are treatment options available to address male infertility and successfully treat males that will help couples achieve pregnancy.

 

Causes Of Male Infertility

Testicular damage, low sperm production and poor sperm quality are the main causes of male infertility.  Other causes of male infertility include smoking, which can significantly decrease sperm count and sperm cell mobility, recreational drug uses, alcohol abuse, steroid use, tight underwear, and stress.  Several medical conditions and other factors contribute to male infertility and each individual case is different.  There can be one cause, several causes, or there may be no particular cause.


Diagnosing Male Infertility

Male infertility is usually diagnosed by examining a patient’s medical history and then having a medical exam performed.  During the exam, a semen analysis is performed.  The patient provides a semen example, and the lab will evaluate sperm shape, movement, and measure the amount of semen and the number of sperm.  The lab will also check for infections and other problems that may be causing infertility.  To ensure accuracy, a minimum of two semen analyses are performed.  In some cases, if the problem is not found in a semen analysis, additional tests can be performed.  These include scrotal ultrasound, transrectal ultrasound, hormone testing, and genetic testing to name a few.  However, when infertility is an issue, it is recommended that the female partner be examined and tested.

 

Treatment Options

Once diagnosed, there are several treatments for male infertility that a patient can undergo.  These treatments include the following:

  • Surgeries ~ There are different types of surgical procedures that may restore sperm flow such as removing a varicocele, repairing a duct obstruction and performing a vasectomy reversal.
  • Treatment of Infections ~ Patients can be prescribed antibiotics to treat male infertility problems.  If treated early, permanent damage can be avoided.  If there is scarring or blockage caused by infection, surgery may be required.
  • Hormone Treatments and Medications ~ In some cases, medication may be prescribed for hormonal imbalances that may be contributing to male infertility.  Hormone replacement is recommended when there is an indication that infertility is being caused by high or low levels of particular hormones or the way the body is using the hormones.
  • Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART) is also a treatment option when the cause of male infertility is unknown or not treatable.  Sperm is gathered through ejaculation, surgery or donors and then inserted directly into the female partner or through in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

As with any medical treatment, before deciding how to treat your male infertility you should discuss your option with your doctor and an infertility expert.  They will be able to let you know the pros and cons of treatments, the risks involved and the side effects you may experience.

 

 

 

 

 

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